Getting to know Qazvin province
Qazvin is one of the oldest civilization areas in Iran, which, according to archaeologists, has a Residence history of 10,000 year. This province which is nicknamed "Bab al-Jannah" or "Gate of Paradise", is one of the important regions of Iran, which is very important in historical, natural, economic, cultural, industrial and tourism fields. This province is one of the beautiful, cultured and civilized regions of Iran, which is also rich in historical and cultural richness along with beautiful nature and landscapes of paradise
Qazvin province has considerable economic advantages. Some of this advantages are industrial towns with appropriate infrastructures, high investment security, proximity to Tehran, the existence of several valid universities at the international levels, the existence of several historical and religious places, enjoying the organized transportation, fuel and energy networks. Also Qazvin province has so excellent location in the country transportation network as connecting the capital to the west and north west of the country, and especially due to located on the Tehran- European transit axis, also background of industry has caused to this province is known as one of the industry’s hubs in the country and has received an acceptable share of the country’s industry. Qazvin has small share of the area and population of country, nevertheless, potentials of its water and desert has boosted agricultural activities and this province has privileged in the field of animal husbandry and poultry farming.
Natural and climatic features
The province of Qazvin consists of three distinguished and distinct regions which include mountainous, mountainside and plain areas, and the mountainous regions as a discontinuous belt have covered northern, southern and western parts. The province has a diverse climate including desert, cold and temperate mountainous weather and warm and semi-humid. Effective climate systems in the province include the western and Mediterranean systems that make up the most rainfall in the province and the high pressure system in the north, which is a factor of cold and humidity. There are two windflaws in the province: the northern stream, which flows from the northwest toward the south east( which well-known as Meh), and the other wind that flows south-east to the north-west is known as Shareh. The most important types of weather in the province include: cold mountainous climates in the northern regions and southwest altitudes of the province, temperate climates in the foothills and slopes, dry and semiarid climate of the central areas of Qazvin plain and Buin Zahra, and Wet tropical weather in Tarom and Shahrud valleys.
Based on the last administrative divisions in 2016, this province has 6 counties (Abyek, Avaj, Alborz, Buin Zahra, Takestan and Qazvin), 25 cities (Qazvin, Takestan, Abyek, Buin Zahra, Eqbaliyeh, Mohammadiyeh, Alvand, Esfarvarin, Mahmudabad Nemuneh, Khorramdasht, Ziaabad, Avaj, Shal, Danesfahan, Abgarm, Ardagh, Moallem Kalayeh, Razmian, Kuhin, Bidestan, Sagzabad, Sharifieh, Khakali, Sirdan), 19 sections, 46 rural districts and 1150 villages.
Based on the results of the general census of population and housing in the year 2016, the population of Qazvin province is 1237761 people with 397165 households, which include 51% of men and 49 Women and has formed 1.59% of the total population. Of the total population of the province, 952149 people (equivalent to 75%) live in urban areas, 321,610 (equivalent to 25%) reside in rural areas.
The study of spatial distribution of population in 2016 indicates that of the total population of the province, 50% in Qazvin city, 13.5% in Takestan city, 9.6% in Buin Zahra city, 19% in Alborz city, 3.4% in Avaj city and 7.4% in the Abyek city has been inhabited. The age pyramid of the province's population also shows that 11.8 percent of the province's population is in the age group of 20-34.
The status of the industrial sector of Qazvin province
Since the late 40's, the Qazvin province due to the special geographical location in the vicinity of the center of the country and having a convenient communication network with Tehran and placing on the European transit route on the one hand and imposing the law on the limitation of the construction of new industries in 120 kilometers from Tehran on the other hand, had has the significant Industrial development production and has always been the preferred places for private sector for investment; so that, in spite of the 0.96% share of the country's land and 1.6% of the country's population, the share of value added of the province's industry from the whole country is 2.84% and the investment share of the province's industry from the whole country is 4.2 percent and is worth 64 trillion rials.
By the end of 2017, there have been 3918 permitted industrial units with an investment volume of 64 thousand billion rials and employment of 159 thousand people in the province. Of these, 668 units of large industrial workshops have more than 10 employees, many of which are among the unique factories in the country, including machine-building industrial units, Farsijin Flute Glass, Navard Arian Steel , Haft Almas, Apadana Ceram, Bahman Group, Mamut, Henkel, Farkoshimi, Tplypers, Kachiran and NirooMoharekeh and Dastranj Reza Baft. The province also is able to product the cup glass and flute, ceramic tile, pharmaceutical glass, detergent industries, auto parts, CD and DVD production and sewing machines. The industrial export products of the province are detergent powder, iron and steel, nylon and rolled plastics, various glass-ceramic tiles and copper wires. The most important countries which are exposed for exporting from Qazvin are Iraq, Turkey, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Pakistan, Syria and Azerbaijan.
Industrial infrastructure of the province
The province's policy in establishing industrial units is based on the lack of sporadic establishment of industrial units and directing those towards industrial estates and industrial districts.Qazvin province has 9 industrial estates and 6 industrial districts with an area of 4115 and 253 hectares and a total of 4 338 hectares; 634 active units and 490 projects are located, and a total of 1124 land allocation contracts have been concluded.
Status of Qazvin mine area
In the Qazvin province, 28 different types of minerals have been identified, among which21 materials including silica, aluminite, barite, industrial soil, dolomite, salt, coal, bentonite, kaolin, feldspar, bauxite, lead and zinc, manganese , Iron, copper, granite, travertine, sand, marble, limestone, carcasses and gypsum are in operation.
According to the Ministry of Industry, Mine, Trade, the Qazvin province, with a reserve of 200 million tons and production of 22 million tons of minerals, 29 countries ranked in terms of reserves and ranked 28 countries in terms of production.
The group of construction materials with the highest 58 percent and the group of metals with 3 percent, have the least amount of reserves in the province.
According to the grouping, construction materials are 53 percent, non-metallic minerals are 44 percent (1206431 tons), decorative stones are1 percent (17,000 tons) and metallic mineral materials are 2 percent of the province's products.
The agriculture sector
The limitations of soil and water resources in the country and the province have led to policy making in the agricultural sector to direct investment in this sector to produce agricultural products in Greenhouse space and to use advanced technologies that result in the least use of water and soil. In the field of horticulture given the region's talent for gardening, the development of gardens, especially vineyards in the Takestan region and olive in the Tarom region, is recommended that can provide suitable opportunities for investment in the industries dependent on this product. Regarding the production of various horticultural and crop products in Qazvin province, activity in transportation and warehousing areas is one of the most important investment priorities in order to provide proper and timely delivery of these products to domestic and global markets. One of these opportunities is the creation of an export and import terminal in Takestan, Buin Zahra or Abyek. Regarding the decomposability of agricultural products, the construction of supplementary and packaging industries, using modern technology and marketable techniques, provides a wide range of investment opportunities. The construction of processing and packing units of olive and pomegranates in Tarom region, grapes, tomatoes and other products of Vine crops in the Takestan region, eggs in the Abyek area, medicinal plants, etc. are among the priorities of provincial investment, which increases the warehousing capacity, Storage, Easy and safe transportation along with maintaining quality, preventing the loss of manufactured products and creating higher value added. Due to the large number of livestock and poultry breeding units in the province, the establishment of packaging and processing industries for protein and dairy products is one of goals of the provincial authorities. In fisheries field, the existence of numerous rivers, especially the Shahrud River, has provided a good place to create a site for the production of warm water and cold water fishes.
the tourism sector
Considering the capabilities and tourist abilities of the province, the construction of residential facilities, hotels and restaurants in different classes are the priorities of investment in this province.
Being placed at the province in the important communication routes of the country and passing a large number of passengers in different days of the year from this province will enable the construction of service complexes to provide a service for domestic and foreign tourists.
Existence of the 17 regions of tourism in the province and potential capabilities for mountain sports and water sports in the Shahrud, Lake Evan lake and ... also necessitates the construction of recreational, tourism and services complexes in this area.
Qazvin province has cold winters and cool summers. The province's diversity of nature which is influenced by special topography and its proximity to the northern and western highlands (which led to the formation of the Alpine-like pseudosystem) and the warm weather of the center of Iran have created a wonderful landscape and plant and animal biodiversity that is attractive for eco-tourists and nature lovers.A visit to the beautiful and boiling headwaters of the Nineh Rood and the Kha Rood in the Rudbar-e Shahrestan creates a wave of joy and joy in the hearts of the tourists, and the hot Desert of Boeing Zahra brings the look to the far-reaching horizon. The magnificent waterfalls of the Garma-Rood Alamut, Mansour Avaj and MahinTarom are very wonderful.
The existence of the Shrines has led to the emergence of religious and spiritual centers in the province and the stimulation of tourism activities. Imamzade Hossein, Tomb of the Four Prophets, Ameneh Khatoon Shrine, Imamzadeh Ismail, ImamzadehAbazar, ImamzadehAbdollahFarshjin, Imamzadeh Kamal Heidariyeh, Imamzadeh Ali Shokrnab, Zobeydeh Khatoon, Imamzadeh Vali Ziaabad and Shrine of Haft Sandoq are among the shrines of this province.
Religious beliefs have played a major role in the process of formation of Qazvin architecture. Due to its geographical and political situation, it has a variety of Iranian architectural and architectural forms. The oldest historical monuments of the province are the historical complex of Shemiran. The history of the construction of some of the buildings of this complex dates back to the pre-Islamic era. Meymoon castle ,Alamut castle, Lambsar castle and ... are some of the monuments that were formed in the early era of the emergence of Islam in this region.At the height of the elegance of Iranian architecture during the Seljuk period in Qazvin, valuable works were also made; the dual towers of Kharragan and the completion of parts of Qazvin's center mosque are the works of this period. The abundance and breadth of historical buildings, the Qazvin province has become a valuable museum. Old mosques with high architectural and historical values, important and historic schools, and thriving markets with a lot of goods and handicrafts, old baths and cisterns, numerous ancient hills that show the ancient civilization of the area, cities, villages old and ancient rural district with a high natural and historical value, special Safavid period caravans, historic military and historical castles, historical bridges and gates can entertain each visitors for many hours and exhibit the history and civilization of this area.
Qazvin province has an active customs in the country due to being industrialized and being on the transit route of the country. The customs is located in the industrial city of Alborz, 20 km from Qazvin city and adjacent industrial Estates of Leia, Caspian and Zia Abad of Takestan, and Alborz Public Warehouses Company is also responsible for the delivery, protection, discharging, loading and warehousing of goods. Also the ownership of the administrative building of the customs and warehouses and equipment belong to the company